What to Look for When Buying Farmland in 2021?

What to look for when buying farmland

I get you.

No, really.

If you ever gave your attention to buying agricultural land, it would be a quite hard time for you thinking about what to consider while buying farmland and what not.

If you are confused about how to select land for farming that checks all your needs, then you are definitely not alone.

While considering important aspects, you may come across some common steps to keep in mind such as:

  1. Soil and water system.
  2. Weed control and resistance capacity of the land.
  3. Nearby practices
  4. Etc.

And you are right about all these points.

But if you want to come up with an extraordinary agricultural land, then this article is just for you.

Keep reading and you will learn various factors to consider before buying land per se.

What to Look for When Buying Farmland?

Before taking any further step in looking for land, you should know your need blindly. Without a need, want is not possible.

1. Your needs

Ask yourself, “what do I really need out of this land?”

What are your expectations from it?

Are you looking to maximize your revenue by growing crops in quantity through synthetic pesticides and conventional farming?

Or do you want to maximize your earnings with organic farming keeping in mind the environmental and health factors?

Or maybe a split of organic and conventional farming?

Why is this important?

Choosing the farming method influences a lot of factors down the road that you might have not even thought of in the first place.

If you go with organic farming, for example, then you may require a less amount of land to obtain the same or higher profit in organic farming than conventional farming,

This is mainly because of organic products are usually around 10-20 percent costlier than conventionally grown products, as per one of the studies (source).

This is only one of the reasons to determine your need.

There are many more reasons to look upon.

Organic farming does not rely on synthetic pesticides while conventional farming considers an extensive use of synthetic fertilizers.

If you want to look through all the sheer differences between organic and conventional farming, then you may want to check out this article afterward.

But as you might have realized, your need is more important to ignite the process.

2. Soil health and quality

Once your need is taken care of, then it’s time to dig deeper into the actual examination of the land that you want to choose.

The most substantial element that will make sure your crops grow the right way is – SOIL.

So, you can’t ignore it by any means.

In fact, soil’s health and fertility is the thing most people overlook while buying farmland.

You should make sure that beneficial gases like Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen are present in the soil in the appropriate amount.

A robust soil helps prevent most pests and diseases, all by its natural strength.

The best thing would be to take the soil expert or a team of experts along with you to make your job easier.

The team will take the soil sample at the lab, examine it thoroughly, and come up with conclusions.

It will not only assist you in knowing whether the soil is worth bearing vigorous crops but also help to know what techniques you need to use to make the soil even better.

Recently, I published a definitive guide on how to improve soil health in organic farming. You may want to look at it for further help if you are deciding to start an organic farm.

Soil health and quality hold the potential to make or break your farm’s success. Thus, never hurry on that part.

Besides soil, water is also an important aspect in making your agricultural journey a lot smoother.

You should check whether the canals and wells are properly located and that the water reaches the roots without any hindrance all the time.

Knowing what irrigation techniques the former owner of the farm used can also be very helpful.

This is because he/she might have come up with one of the methods that work the best after a lot of trial and error.

All you need to do is to avoid the mistakes that were done by him/her.

3. Weather conditions

It is good to choose farmland of great soil quality and perfect water systems. But it is much more critical to know the weather conditions of that area.

Though climate keeps changing frequently due to the impact of pollution, it is still a good practice to gain knowledge about the climate consequences.

The best thing would be asking the existing farmers of that area about the weather.

4. Locality

Choosing the right location for your farm should not be a choice but a priority.

Coming back to the NEED, you must act on choosing the locality as per the need that you decided.

So, if you want to grow cash crops and generate income for yourself, then choosing your farmland near a wholesaler or a retailer can be efficient.

Besides that, if you want to create awareness about organic farming and promote good health, then choosing an urban area will be the right decision as most people will be health-conscious over there.

5. Knowing farms nearby

Never omit to check what types of crops the competitors or the nearby farmers grow on an annual basis, what methods do they use, and so on.

Especially, if you get to talk to a farmer, ask him about his failure more than the successes.

In this way, you will know much more about what not to do which will essentially lead you in what you should be doing.

Another reason for knowing your nearby farms is because it gives you a signal of whether you should stay or choose another area.


Because if all the other farms are practicing conventional farming, then there is no point in being an organic farmer there.

6. Past records of prevalent diseases and pests

This is a big one.

Whether you choose to practice organic or conventional farming, one of your regular obstacles will be – PESTS.

Grow any type of crop and they will pop right up out of nowhere.

Now, this may feel overwhelming only to know that there are countless of them, and it’s difficult and time-consuming to eliminate each of them.

Therefore, the best way would be to collect the data from the past owner of the farm regarding the most prevalent diseases after growing a certain crop.

This will help you know in advance about the type of pest occurrence so that you can take action in advance and minimize the repercussions.

Pro Tip: This article on pests and disease management in organic farming can be of great help. 

7. Farmland requirements in your country

Last but not least, you should be aware of all the rules, regulations, and guidelines that your country’s legislation tells you to follow.

On the official government agriculture website for each country, you will get to know exactly all the best practices that you should be following.

While buying farmland doesn’t look to be involving much of a third-party interference from outside, it is still a good choice to spend some time looking at the country-specific rules.

How to Select Land for Farming: Summary

This brings us to the end of this article.

Hopefully, you learned something new from this guide and will probably be able to select amazing farmland for yourself and others.

Though the above-mentioned steps are not the only one that exists out there, I feel them be some of the top things you should keep in mind.

Now, I would like to turn towards you.

So, tell me.

Is there any major step regarding farmland that I forgot to mention here?

Let me know by leaving your quick thoughts in the comments below right now.

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